by Strategic HR Partners


by Strategic HR Partners

Employee Time-Off Required By Law

Time Off to Vote

You probably want your employees to be active in the community they live in, and part of that activism involves voting in local, state, and federal elections. While there are no federal laws that require you to give employees time off to vote, the majority of jurisdictions have laws that require private employers to give employees time off to vote.

Jury Duty Leave

Federal law. Employees have the right to take leaves of absence to serve as jurors in federal courts, under the Jury Systems Improvement Act, a federal law.

State law. State laws are the ones that protect employees who serve on state and local juries. Most states prohibit an employer from discharging someone who takes leave to serve on a jury.

Witness and court attendance leaves. Jury duty is not witness or court attendance leave. In many states, you are free to set your own policy in this area.

Family and Medical Leave

Under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), employers may be required to give employees time off to handle family illnesses, births, adoptions, and medical emergencies.

Military Family Leave

As part of the FMLA, employers with 50 or more employees must allow up to 26 weeks of leave for family members of certain injured military personnel to care for service members injured in combat. Under qualifying exigencies, employers may also be required to allow 12 weeks of leave for the spouse, son, daughter, or parent of a service member who is on active duty or who has been notified of a pending call or order to return to active duty.

Pregnancy/Maternity Leave Benefits

If you have 15 or more employees, you are subject to a federal anti-discrimination law that protects pregnant women.


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